Baroque (1600 – 1750)
The Baroque Era saw the beginning of the modern orchestra, as well as the introduction of the concerto, sonata, symphony, opera, and other familiar musical forms. The modern harmonic system based on major and minor scales became firmly established and “classical music” became an integral part of society. Among the best-known works from this era are Bach’s Brandenburg concertos and Goldberg Variations, Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons, and Handel’s Messiah and Water Music.
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